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Volume 6 - Issue 3 (March 2017)



Volume 6 - Issue 3 - Version-1
Determining Changes in Interfacial Tension of Crude Oil using Alkalis
Rajesh Kanna, David Sharon, Mahesh V M, Arun C Albert, Sanith P
Abstract       pdf Full text PDF
Index: 10.183x/A630104 aned
The current work is performed to determine the change of interfacial tension (IFT) of crude oil using alkaline salt. Ever since the discovery of crude oil it turned into one of the most important resource of the world, and since the availability of the crude oil is currently declining compared to that of its early period of production it is necessary to obtain the maximum output from the available source keeping this in mind the enhanced oil recovery (EOR) techniques was introduced, the alkaline flooding is one of the chemical enhanced oil recovery techniques in which high pH alkaline chemicals are injected to the reservoir for recovering the residual oil, and it is one of the oldest EOR technique. This study is conducted to understand this change in IFT by using alkalis and to determine the best alkali salt.
Author Keywords:- Alkalis, Surface tension, Tensiometer, Interfacial tension.
e-ISSN: 2319-183X, p-ISSN: 2319-1821 Source Type: Journal Original Language: English
Document Type: Article Number of pages: 04
© Copyright 2014, All rights reserved.

Study of Sanur Port Development Strategy To A Marina Oriented
Nyoman Budiartha Raka Mandi
Abstract      pdf Full text PDF
Index: 10.183x/B630511 aned
The background of this research is increasing activities in Sanur-Bali beach not only as the most popular tourist destination after Kuta but also increasing culture process, and increasing harbor activities. This exploratory study is meant to evaluate development strategy of Sanur port oriented marina. The perceived level of importance and satisfaction of expected services of port in Sanur were also assessed. Data used in this research were obtained from primary data collected in 2015 because this existing research can especially fit the study purpose. Secondary data obtained from relevant agencies and through semi structured interview and onthe- spot field observation. The findings give some insights regarding the demand and need from tourists and society, including boat operator that could be used by tourist planner and harbor planner in developing harbor and improving tourism development in Sanur-Bali.
Author Keywords:- Strategy, tourism, port, marina.
e-ISSN: 2319-183X, p-ISSN: 2319-1821 Source Type: Journal Original Language: English
Document Type: Article Number of pages: 07
© Copyright 2014, All rights reserved.

Determining the Sand Content in Various Compositions of Drilling Mud
Rajesh Kanna, Y. Bhavani, Hussain Ahmed, Junaid.T, Nidhin. M, G. Shiva Krishna
Abstract       pdf Full text PDF
Index: 10.183x/C631217 aned
Drilling is an important part of the oil industry and penetration rate must be enhanced to ensure speedy completion of drilling operation. Weight on bit, Rotary speed, drill bit type, formation characteristics and mud properties are the basic factors that affect the penetration rate of a bit. Regular determination of the sand content of drilling mud is necessary because these particles can be highly abrasive, and can cause excessive wear of pump parts, drill bits, and pipe connections, excessive sand may also result in the deposition of a thick filter cake on the walls of the hole, or it may settle in the hole around the tools when circulation is temporarily halted, interfering with the operation of drilling tools of settling casing. The sand content test for set is used in the test for sand content determination using Bariod sand content set.
Author Keywords:- Bentonite, drilling mud, Fly ash.
e-ISSN: 2319-183X, p-ISSN: 2319-1821 Source Type: Journal Original Language: English
Document Type: Article Number of pages: 06
© Copyright 2014, All rights reserved.

Determination of Aniline Point of Petroleum Samples
Rajesh Kanna, Nandhu M, Jossy Joy, Sreekuttan Vijayan, Johnest PC, Nagaraju
Abstract      pdf Full text PDF
Index: 10.183x/D631821 aned
Aniline point is the minimum temperature for a complete mixing of aniline and materials such as gasoline; used in some specifications to indicate the aromatic content of oils and to calculate approximate heat of combustion.
Author Keywords:- Aniline point, Aromaticity, Cetane number, Miscibility.
e-ISSN: 2319-183X, p-ISSN: 2319-1821 Source Type: Journal Original Language: English
Document Type: Article Number of pages: 04
© Copyright 2014, All rights reserved.

Determination of Effect Bentonite and Additives On Drilling Fluids
Dr. A. Rajesh Kanna, Preethi, Syed Majid Ahmed Savi, Mujtaba Ahmed Khan, Mohammed Abdul Rahman Khan
Abstract      pdf Full text PDF
Index: 10.183x/E632228 aned
Drilling fluids Play a vital role in hole Cleaning suspension of cuttings, prevent caving, and ensure the tightness of the well wall. Moreover they also help in cooling and lubricating the drilling tool, transfer the hydraulic power and carry information about the nature of the drilled formation by raising the cuttings from the bottom to the surface, using a simple mixture of water and clays, to complex mixtures of various specific organic and inorganic products as additives. These additives improve fluid rheological properties and filtration capability, allowing bits to penetrate heterogeneous geological formations The mud used in this work is barite and bentonites at different samples to know the difference in their specific gravity, viscosity, surface tension, and pH of the samples when chemical additives are added.
Author Keywords:- Mud, Mud rheology, Viscosity, Density, Drilling Fluid, Fluid Loss.
e-ISSN: 2319-183X, p-ISSN: 2319-1821 Source Type: Journal Original Language: English
Document Type: Article Number of pages: 07
© Copyright 2014, All rights reserved.

Copper Strip Corrosion Test for Different Fluid Samples
Dr. A. Rajesh Kanna, Akshar J, Abin Babu, Krishna Prakash M G, Robinson Xavier
Abstract      pdf Full text PDF
Index: 10.183x/F632932 aned
Current research work is done in order to determine the corrosiveness test using different fluid samples in state of Telengana (India). The puropse of this experiment is to determine the the corrosiveness test of fuels. This determination will be accomplished by using copper strip corrosion test. By using the copper strip experiment we can find the corrosive propertyof the fuel and hence the efficiency of fluid samples collected. This project covers the importance of knowing the corrosive property of different fluid samples collected.
Author Keywords:- Corrosion, Copper strip, Fluid.
e-ISSN: 2319-183X, p-ISSN: 2319-1821 Source Type: Journal Original Language: English
Document Type: Article Number of pages: 04
© Copyright 2014, All rights reserved.

Comparison Of Corrossion Resistance Of Copper For Samples
Dr. A Rajesh Kanna, Akshar, Sreerag K S, Sooraj P.S, Vipin Raj R.A, Arun.K Sudheer
Abstract      pdf Full text PDF
Index: 10.183x/G633337 aned
In order to ensure smooth and uninterrupted flow of oil and gas to the end users, it is imperative for the field operators, pipeline engineers, and designers to be corrosion conscious as the lines and their component fittings would undergo material degradations due to corrosion. This paper gives a comprehensive review of corrosion problems during oil and gas production and its mitigation. The chemistry of corrosion mechanism had been examined with the various types of corrosion and associated corroding agents in the oil and gas industry. Factors affecting each of the various forms of corrosion were also presented. Principles of corrosion must be understood in order to effectively select materials and to design, fabricate, and utilize metal structures for the optimum economic life of facilities and safety in oil and gas operations. This test method covers the determination of the corrosiveness of copper by the petroleum products.
Author Keywords:- Corrosion, Fuel, Metals, Oil, Copper strip.
e-ISSN: 2319-183X, p-ISSN: 2319-1821 Source Type: Journal Original Language: English
Document Type: Article Number of pages: 05
© Copyright 2014, All rights reserved.

Some Results of Compatible Mapping in Metric Spaces
Poonam Lata Sagar, S.K. Malhotra
Abstract      pdf Full text PDF
Index: 10.183x/H633844 aned
In this paper, we prove some common fixed point theorems of compatible mappings with the generalized contractive mappings in metric spaces and extents the results of J.K. Jang, J.K. Yun, N.J. Bae, J.H. Kim, D.M. Lee, S.M. Kang (Common Fixed Point Theorems of Compatible Mappings in Metric Spaces, International Journal of Pure and Applied Mathematics Vol 84, No. 1 (2013), 171-183) and some other authors.
Author Keywords:- common fixed points, compatible mappings, complete metric spaces, gen- eralized contractive mappings.
e-ISSN: 2319-183X, p-ISSN: 2319-1821 Source Type: Journal Original Language: English
Document Type: Article Number of pages: 07
© Copyright 2014, All rights reserved.

Parametric Analysis of Mild Steel Specimens Using Roller Burnishing Process
Davinder Saini, Manish Kapoor, Dr. C. S Jawalkar
Abstract      pdf Full text PDF
Index: 10.183x/I63451 aned
Burnishing, a cold working process, is a very simple and effective method of improving surface properties, which can easily be carried out using existing machines, such as lathe. With changing trends in manufacturing industry, special attention is given on surface finish along with dimensional accuracy and tight geometrical tolerances. Burnishing comes in mind as one of popular finishing process because it is completely chip-less as compared to other finishing processes such as grinding, honing etc. The purpose of the research was to demonstrate burnishing process on ferrous metals namely mild steel alloy. Parametric analysis was done using speed and feed rate as input parameters and surface roughness & surface micro hardness as response variables. Burnishing was performed using Hindustan machine tools (HMT) power lathe (NH 26 model).
Author Keywords:- Burnishing, surface finish, surface micro hardness, HMT.
e-ISSN: 2319-183X, p-ISSN: 2319-1821 Source Type: Journal Original Language: English
Document Type: Article Number of pages: 07
© Copyright 2014, All rights reserved.

Diffusion Studies of Nanofibril Reinforced Unsaturated Polyester Nanocomposites
Cintil Jose Chirayil, Midhunc Raj, Neenugeorge, Lovely Mathew, Sabuthomas
Abstract      pdf Full text PDF
Index: 10.183x/J635258 aned
This work deals with the water sorption characteristics of isorananofibril reinforced polyester composites with special reference to filler loading as well as temperature. It was found that, the neat polyester resin shows high water absorption at room temperature. The reduction of water absorption of INF filled composites is due to the improved inter-facial adhesion, which prevents the easy penetration of water molecules in the nanofibril composite. The formation of fibrous network of cellulose nanofibrils with the polyester matrix also prevents the swelling of the composite and thus reduces the water penetration. At 90 ˚C, after the initial capillary uptake of water, as the INF loading increases the water uptake also increases. This is due to the hydrophilic character of INF. At higher temperature, the composite lost all its hydrogen bonding interactions and the neat polyester shows lower water uptake. The mechanism of diffusion was analysed and the effect of INF on the sorption kinetics was studied. Parameters like diffusion, sorption and permeability coefficients of the composites were determined.
Author Keywords:-
e-ISSN: 2319-183X, p-ISSN: 2319-1821 Source Type: Journal Original Language: English
Document Type: Article Number of pages: 07
© Copyright 2014, All rights reserved.

Volume 6 - Issue 3 - Version-2
Novel Anticoagulant from Date Palm Leaf/Cellulose Nano Whisker
Cintil Jose, Patrik Sobolciak, Igor Krupa, Mariam Al Ali AlMaadeed
Abstract      pdf Full text PDF
Index: 10.183x/A630109 aned
Nature inspires us to develop new high performance materials from its renewable resources and among these cellulose nanocrystals(CNCs) are most popular due to their unusual properties and resulting applications. In this work, cellulose nanocrystals were extracted by acid hydrolysis and the anticoagulant activity of surfaces decorated with cellulose nanocrystals is explored. Such surfaces bear a high amount of negatively charged sulfate groups, which mimic the naturally occurring anticoagulant heparin in terms of charge density. It is observed that CNC decorated surfaces significantly enhance the coagulation times of blood plasma and whole blood as studied from Quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation studies (QCM-D) and simple clotting tests. Cellulose nanocrystals bear a high amount of negatively charged sulphate groups which resemble the charge density of natural anticoagulant Heparin. Anticoagulant effect of functionalized cellulose nanocrystals was demonstrated by clinical test. This new material is potentially applicable in medicine as anticoagulant similarly as common heparin.
Author Keywords:-
e-ISSN: 2319-183X, p-ISSN: 2319-1821 Source Type: Journal Original Language: English
Document Type: Article Number of pages: 09
© Copyright 2014, All rights reserved.

A Novel Design of Phone Curvet Protection Mechanism
Adarsh Shanmugam AL, Lokkeshver. T. K, Nithin Sivakumar
Abstract      pdf Full text PDF
Index: 10.183x/B6321014 aned
Smartphones are habitually used by common people for performing various tasks needed for their livelihood. These phones are so fragile that care has to be taken while handling them. Handling these phones can be tricky and occasionally they may fall damaging the phone. This paper aims to suggest a feasible method of freefall protection system for existing smartphones. The various sensors and components required for the design and development of the system are enlisted and elucidated. The interfacing of the microprocessor with other sensors is well briefed. The functioning of the system is explicated with the aid of block diagrams.
Author Keywords:- Curvet protection system, Eccentric motors, Freefall sensor, Gyroscope and Smartphone.
e-ISSN: 2319-183X, p-ISSN: 2319-1821 Source Type: Journal Original Language: English
Document Type: Article Number of pages: 05
© Copyright 2014, All rights reserved.

Assembly Disruptions – Empirical Evidence in the Manufacturing Industry of Germany, Austria and Switzerland
Johannes Wagner, Peter Burggräf, Matthias Dannapfel, Carsten Fölling
Abstract      pdf Full text PDF
Index: 10.183x/C6321525 aned
In this paper, we present the results of an empirical study in the manufacturing industry of Germany, Austria and Switzerland with over 100 participants, mainly from the mechanical engineering, automotive and machine tool businesses. The questionnaire-based study yielded original findings in the area of assembly disruptions and the management thereof. Major results include that assembly disruptions are widespread in the industry and lead to extensive economic damages. The reasons, durations and locations of assembly disruptions as well as their character are explored and the need for a new concept of efficient, preventive assembly disruption management is derived.
Author Keywords:- Assembly disruptions, disruption management, empirical study.
e-ISSN: 2319-183X, p-ISSN: 2319-1821 Source Type: Journal Original Language: English
Document Type: Article Number of pages: 11
© Copyright 2014, All rights reserved.

Conceptual Framework for Anthropomorphic Simulation of Human Face for Interactive Therapeutic Telepresence Applications
Georgi Petrov, Polina Mihova, Filip Andonov
Abstract      pdf Full text PDF
Index: 10.183x/D6322630 aned
This publication is dedicated to the experimental development of conceptual framework for interactive direct marketing network based on simulated anthropomorphic agents (human faces). Aims: to discuss the main functional open system architecture and in particular openness to track and identify the mood of the user by analyzing the captured images of his face and other features. The article presents practical results, problems and possible solutions on the particular stage of development of the prototype, including project for further investigation the recognition of standardized facial expressions of emotion (anger, fear, disgust, happiness, sadness, surprise) at a perceptual level for children on the autism spectrum.
Author Keywords:- simulated agent, prototype of human face, emotions and autism spectrum disorders (ASD).
e-ISSN: 2319-183X, p-ISSN: 2319-1821 Source Type: Journal Original Language: English
Document Type: Article Number of pages: 05
© Copyright 2014, All rights reserved.

Development of Ferry Port as a Complement of "Tol Laut": Case Study on Ferry Port of Ketapang
Nyoman Budiartha Raka Mandi
Abstract      pdf Full text PDF
Index: 10.183x/E6323137 aned
High use of land transportation mode in Bali became burden to the road and unpredictable congestion especially in the main road connecting Denpasar and Gilimanuk in Bali. Effort in decreasing traffic density is by developing ferry port as a component for "Tol Laut". It requires behavior eploratory on freight trucks in choosing land or sea trips in Bali. This study is conducted by implementing focus group discussion with various freight stake holder and information from sources gained by using a set of semi-structured interviews (SSI) and on-the-spot field observation. Discussion conducted were: workshop "Lean, Clean and Green Cities Rationalizing Indonesian Urban Freight trough Inclusive Urban Development" in Jakarta (30 to 31 July 2015); Workshop "Rationalizing Indonesian Urban Freight Through Integrated Urban Development of Sarbagita Metropolitan in Bali" held by Coordinating Ministry for Economic Affairs of the Republic of Indonesia in Jakarta (1 to 4 august 2016) and discussion done with Pusat Studi Transportasi dan Logistik (PUSTRAL) Universitas Gadjah Mada in Yogyakarta (3 to 6 October 2016). Result from brainstorming and field observation shows that there is a need for steps in diminishing density and traffic accidents including decrease road damage caused by overloaded freight trucks in Bali.
Author Keywords:- Port Development, Tol Laut, focus group discussion.
e-ISSN: 2319-183X, p-ISSN: 2319-1821 Source Type: Journal Original Language: English
Document Type: Article Number of pages: 07
© Copyright 2014, All rights reserved.

Research on product quality control of multi varieties and small batch based on Bayesian theory
Zhangyulei, MaoJian
Abstract      pdf Full text PDF
Index: 10.183x/F6323843 aned
This paper mainly studies the application of statistical process control in multi-variety and small-batch production environment. The paper puts forward the method of quality control based on Bayesian theory. First, Bayesian theory is used to estimate the parameters of the production process. Then Bayesian model is used to control the production of many varieties and small batches based on Bayesian parameter estimation. A Bayesian control model identification method is proposed. Finally, an example is given to verify the feasibility of the method. The results show that this method can be a quality control method for many kinds of small batch products.
Author Keywords:- multi-variety, small batch; Bayesian theory; quality control.
e-ISSN: 2319-183X, p-ISSN: 2319-1821 Source Type: Journal Original Language: English
Document Type: Article Number of pages: 06
© Copyright 2014, All rights reserved.

Energy Required To Soil for Grape Production with Micro Nutrient Zinc Sulphate
V. B. More, D. N. Kashid and B. T. Jadhav
Abstract      pdf Full text PDF
Index: 10.183x/G6324449 aned
Grape (Vitisvinifera) is one of the major important fruit crops ofMaharashtra.The high crop gives more profit through export as foreign exchange.The yield in grapes is related to the several factors like an adequate and timely supply of macro and micro nutrients through the critical stages of the plant life cycle, with emphasis on different nutrients at different stages of the growth.However, at present, the input in the form of fertilizer e.g. Zinc Sulphate, requirement is increasing, thus increasing the cost of production.Doses of Zinc Sulphate are decided by the experts after soil testing. In the present study, the soil samples are collected from different vineyards of the Maharashtra and KarnatakaState.Although grapes have been grown in the area for many decades, a recent conversion of vineyards into quality grape production and suggests that there is furtherpotential to improve qualitythrough fine –tuning of grape by using fuzzy information System.The present study is conducted to decide the actual requirement of Zinc Sulphate; the Fuzzy Information System (FIS) is developed. The laboratory data obtained from the analysis of soil testing report is used as an input to FISand output results are compared with the results suggested by the expert. It is found that the Zinc Sulphaterequirement as suggested by FIS of any grape vineyard is less than the suggestionsgiven by laboratory expert. This results help to reduce the cost of production without affecting the yield level of the grape vineyardwhile maintaining the soil quality.
Author Keywords:- Grape, Soil, Yield,Nutrients, Fuzzy Inference System.
e-ISSN: 2319-183X, p-ISSN: 2319-1821 Source Type: Journal Original Language: English
Document Type: Article Number of pages: 06
© Copyright 2014, All rights reserved.

A New Double Numerical Integration Formula Based On The First Order Derivative
Guo Ye
Abstract      pdf Full text PDF
Index: 10.183x/H6325054 aned
A new double numerical integration formula based on the value of integrated function and first order derivative of the integrable function was proposed. Different from the traditional mechanical quadrature formula, contibuted integral function and first order derivative of the integral function. Four nodes are selected appropriately in the integral interval. Used the value of function and first order derivative, constructed a new numerical integration formula that achieve seven order algebraic precision. Then analysed the algebraic precision、remainder、stypticity and stability of the formula. Then generalized the formula into double integral. In the end, according to the two typical examples vertified the formula's validity and fesibility. This formula enrich the content of numerical calculation. Provided a new method for solving double numerical integrations.
Author Keywords:- derivative;numerical integral formula; remainder; stypticity; stability.
e-ISSN: 2319-183X, p-ISSN: 2319-1821 Source Type: Journal Original Language: English
Document Type: Article Number of pages: 05
© Copyright 2014, All rights reserved.

Design of Various Types of Industrial Buildings and Their Comparison
Swapnil D. Bokade, Prof.Laxmikant Vairagade
Abstract      pdf Full text PDF
Index: 10.183x/I6325571 aned
In this paper Industrial Steel truss Building of 14m x 31.50m, 20m x 50m, 28m x 70m and bay spacing of 5.25m, 6.25m and 7m respectively having column height of 6m is compared with Pre-engineering Buildings of same dimension. Design is based on IS 800-2007 (LSM) Load considered in modeling are Dead load, Live Load, Wind load along with the combinations as specified in IS. Analysis results are observed for column base as hinge base. Results of Industrial steel truss buildings are compared with the same dimensions of Pre-Engineering Building.
Author Keywords:- IS Code, Stadd Pro.
e-ISSN: 2319-183X, p-ISSN: 2319-1821 Source Type: Journal Original Language: English
Document Type: Article Number of pages: 17
© Copyright 2014, All rights reserved.

Combination of Geographic Information System, Fuzzy Set Theory And Analytic Hierarchy Process For Rationality Assessment Of Planned Industrial Zones: A Case Study In Vietnam
Xuan Linh Nguyen, Tien Yin Chou, Yao Min Fang, Feng Cheng Lin
Abstract      pdf Full text PDF
Index: 10.183x/J6327279 aned
In Hung Ha district, planning new industrial zones along with enlarging the existing ones are the key policies of the authorities. Locations, however, of the planned industrial zones are facing protests of surrounding residential areas because of environmental impacts. The purpose of this research is to assist Hung Ha government in assessing the suitability of planned locations of industrial zones by utilizing the combinations of Geographic Information System (GIS) technology, Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) technique and Fuzzy set theory. Firstly, opinions were surveyed from people residing near planned locations for determining which problems were complained mostly, and subsequently consulted suggestions from the authorities to form affected factors table. Secondly, AHP was applied for calculating weights of criteria and factors, and Fuzzy set theory was employed for obtaining continuous score of relevant degree from 0 to 1. GIS technology was applied throughout the paper from standardizing input spatial data to overlapping layers. The assessment results revealed that all 18 planned industrial zones in the researched district were not rational because of close to residential areas or water sources.
Author Keywords:- AHP, Fuzzy set theory, GIS, Land use planning, Rationality assessment.
e-ISSN: 2319-183X, p-ISSN: 2319-1821 Source Type: Journal Original Language: English
Document Type: Article Number of pages: 08
© Copyright 2014, All rights reserved.

Study on Physicians Request for Computed Tomography Examinations for Patients With Head Injury in Hospital's Emergency Departments In East Java, Indonesia
Aiman Mohamed Sadeg, Johan AE Noor,Yuyun Yueniwati
Abstract      pdf Full text PDF
Index: 10.183x/K6328085 aned
Background and objectives: There is a lot controversy about the use of Computed tomography (CT) for patients with minor head injury. We aimed to determine the practice of guiding rules for the safety of radiation and increasing awareness of physicians about risks of ionizing radiation and find out the reasons of emergency doctors for sending head injury patients to CT scan exams. Materials and Methods: A descriptive questionnaire in the Emergency Department (ED) based study was performed to assess physicians' knowledge of radiation doses received from radiological treatments and knowledge about Clinic Decision Support rules (CDS). The questionnaire consisted of 26 questions distributed to physicians working in the emergency department in six hospitals in East Java. Finally, the data collected have been analyzed by some tests using SPSS version 15 and Smart PLS. Results: In this study 44 participants had taken part. The percentage of general knowledge and awareness that shows the response of people who work in the emergency departments was total 44 respondents, by percent 6.8% of the respondents had passably knowledge, awareness and 84.1% they were having a good knowledge and awareness and 9.1% the respondents had very good knowledge and awareness. That means almost of respondents have good knowledge and awareness. To find out if an indicator is forming a construct (latent variables) testing the convergent validity of the measurement model with a reflexive indicator assessed based on the correlation between the item score to construct scores were calculated with the help of software Smart PLS. Size reflexive considered valid if the individual has a correlation (loading) to construct (latent variables) to be measured ≥ 0.5 or the value of t-statistics should ≥1.96 (test two tailed) at a significance level of α = 0.05. If one of the indicators has a leading value <0.5, or the value of the t-statistic <1.96, then the indicator should be discarded (dropped) because it indicates that the indicators are not good enough to measure the construct in right. The positive influence between general knowledge and awareness against to knowledge about radiation doses can be interpreted that the better general knowledge and awareness, then it will be followed by an increase in their knowledge about radiation doses. And vice versa, the worse general knowledge and awareness, then this will decrease their knowledge about radiation doses too. Conclusion: The present study has illustrated that the level of awareness and knowledge physicians who deal with ionizing radiation in CT scan units are adequate overall. There is a good influence between the diligence in applying the principles of guidance and rules stipulated by the nuclear energy in Indonesia by physicians to adjust the use of CT in the emergency department, the majority of participants who have a good awareness & knowledge, there are some of them do not have enough knowledge.
Author Keywords:- Awareness & knowledge, Radiation doses, Radiation side effects, CT scan procedures, Physicians in the emergency departments.
e-ISSN: 2319-183X, p-ISSN: 2319-1821 Source Type: Journal Original Language: English
Document Type: Article Number of pages: 06
© Copyright 2014, All rights reserved.

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