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Volume 6 - Issue 1 (January 2017)


Evaluation of the Wastewater Quality Improvement by The Channel Located Downstream Of Kossodo Lagoons In Ouagadougou
Koné Martine*, Gnoumou Tounbayi, Bonkoungou Isidore,Ouattara Yacouba, Guiguemdé Issaka,Bonou Lucien,Nébié Roger
Abstract       pdf Full text PDF
Index: 10.183x/A610107 aned
The quality of treated wastewater coming from the Wastewater Treatment Plant (WWTP) by lagoons in Ouagadougou is not conform to national standard for discharge or for reuse in agriculture. The present study on the natural purifying capacity of the channel downstream of the WWTP aims to test the hypothesis that the quality of treated water running off through the gutter can significantly be improved for gardening. Then, the analyzes were done according French standards. So, the results between the output and a distance of 3 km along the channel indicate alkaline pH values slightly variable. Regarding carbon pollution, the Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) average decreases from 1280 to 720 mg /l, while the average levels of Suspended Solids (SS) decreases from 343 to 300 mg /l. The nutrient contents such as orthophosphate and ammonia decrease with averages ranging from 9.18 and 6.05 mg /l for the former and 12 to 3.35 mg /l for the second whiletheconcentrationofnitratepassfrom2.91to6.37mg/l. Concerning microbiological pollution, faecal coliforms level increases from 3800 CFU /100 ml to 11300 CFU / 100 ml. In sum, there is a small auto scrubber power affected by factors as such as infiltration, high evaporation and anthropogenic activities near the channel.
Author Keywords:- self-purification, channel, garden, pollution, nitrate.
e-ISSN: 2319-183X, p-ISSN: 2319-1821 Source Type: Journal Original Language: English
Document Type: Article Number of pages: 07
© Copyright 2014, All rights reserved.

On Confidence Intervals Construction for Measurement System Capability Indicators.
Daniela F. Dianda, Jose A. Pagura, Nicolás M. Ballarini
Abstract      pdf Full text PDF
Index: 10.183x/B610816 aned
There are many criteria that have been proposed to determine the capability of a measurement system, all based on estimates of variance components. Some of them are the Precision to Tolerance Ratio, the Signal to Noise Ratio and the probabilities of misclassification. For most of these indicators, there are no exact confidence intervals, since the exact distributions of the point estimators are not known. In such situations, two approaches are widely used to obtain approximate confidence intervals: the Modified Large Samples (MLS) methods initially proposed by Graybill and Wang, and the construction of Generalized Confidence Intervals (GCI) introduced by Weerahandi. In this work we focus on the construction of the confidence intervals by the generalized approach in the context of Gauge repeatability and reproducibility studies. Since GCI are obtained by simulation procedures, we analyze the effect of the number of simulations on the variability of the confidence limits as well as the effect of the size of the experiment designed to collect data on the precision of the estimates. Both studies allowed deriving some practical implementation guidelinesin the use of the GCI approach. We finally present a real case study in which this technique was applied to evaluate the capability of a destructive measurement system.
Author Keywords:- Gauge R&R studies, Generalized confidence intervals, Destructive measurements.
e-ISSN: 2319-183X, p-ISSN: 2319-1821 Source Type: Journal Original Language: English
Document Type: Article Number of pages: 09
© Copyright 2014, All rights reserved.

Effect of Traffic Calming Lane Reduction on Critical Gap Sizes At Stop-Sign Controlled Crossings
Priya Methuku, Siamak Ardekani
Abstract       pdf Full text PDF
Index: 10.183x/C611724 aned
The effect of restriping on the gaps accepted at a two-way stop-sign controlled intersection were investigated through a before/after restriping study. The major street at the study site was re-striped as a traffic calming strategy. Before re-striping the major Street was a two-way two-lane road without any bicycle lanes. After re-striping it became a two-way one-lane road with a two-way left-turn lane in the middle and one bicycle lane on each side. The results indicated that the critical gap sizes increased for both the left-turns and right-turns after re-striping compared to the before case. These increases were found to be statistically significant. The findingsshow that the traffic calming measures implemented appear to result in more caution being undertaken by drivers, as represented by higher critical gaps after the re-striping project.
Author Keywords:-
e-ISSN: 2319-183X, p-ISSN: 2319-1821 Source Type: Journal Original Language: English
Document Type: Article Number of pages: 08
© Copyright 2014, All rights reserved.

Influencing factors analysis of mega-cities subway last train extended hours of operation during holidays
Zhu MingweiHuhua
Abstract      pdf Full text PDF
Index: 10.183x/D612529 aned
With the size and layout of national mega-cities railway network gradually improving,during the holiday season,the intensification of supply and demand which is between the normalization of the railway network operator service last train at night time and the residents travel time is increasingly intensifying.The feasibility of exploration and study on subway extended hours of operation during holidays has practical significance.Based on current supply and demand of existing transport capacity,domestic large cities such as Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Shenzhen and other metro operators have made the relevant delay operation plans.But this kind of decision which was not based on the experience doesn't form normal delay operating system and programs.In this paper, according to the background of domestic delay operations,summarize the factors of delay operations which include passenger demand characteristics,maintenance ,cost and so on, propose the corresponding solutions, in order to provide a reference and guidance for mega-cities subway extended hours of operation during holidays.
Author Keywords:- holidays;subway;delay operations;influencing factors.
e-ISSN: 2319-183X, p-ISSN: 2319-1821 Source Type: Journal Original Language: English
Document Type: Article Number of pages: 05
© Copyright 2014, All rights reserved.

Equilibrium and Kinetic Studies of Zinc (II) Ion Adsorption from Aqueous Solution by Modified Soybean Hulls
J.S.Yadav, M. Soni and A. Lashkari
Abstract      pdf Full text PDF
Index: 10.183x/E613035 aned
Water used in industries creates a wastewater that has potential hazards for our environment, because of introducing various contaminates such as heavy metals in to soil and water resources. In this study, a modification method was adopted to enhance metal ion adsorption on soybean hulls using NaOH and citric acid. The batch experiments were carried out to optimize parameters like pH, adsorbent dose, initial concentration and contact time. Equilibrium data were best represented by Freundlich isotherms. The adsorption kinetic data were adequately fitted to the pseudo-second order kinetic model. At optimum conditions of the parameters investigated, 99% removal of Zn (II) was achieved. On the basis of experimental results MSH was found to be an excellent adsorbent for the Zn (II) removal from wastewater.
Author Keywords:- Adsorption, Citric acid, Modified Soybean hulls, Sodium Hydroxide, Zinc Ion Solu.
e-ISSN: 2319-183X, p-ISSN: 2319-1821 Source Type: Journal Original Language: English
Document Type: Article Number of pages: 06
© Copyright 2014, All rights reserved.

Fuzzy Measurement of University Students Importance Indexes By Using Analytical Hieratical Process
Dr Elsayed A Elsayed, Dr A.K.Shaik Dawood, Dr R. Karthikeyan
Abstract      pdf Full text PDF
Index: 10.183x/F610816 aned
Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to apply a Fuzzy Analytical Hieratical Process model FAHP for estimating students' importance indexes problem, where the measures of students' attitudes and responses are often uncertain or difficult to determine by using non-fuzzy model. Fuzzy set theory treats a kind of uncertainty called fuzziness. It shows that the boundary of "yes" or "no" is ambiguous and appears in the meaning of words or included in the subjunctives or recognition of human beings. Design/methodology/approach: This paper adapts FAHP to analysis students' satisfaction for the services submitted by the university to enhance learning process and circumstance environment for students, this area of researches is still out of university importance. For the purposes of the survey, questionnaires were designed for all the factors which are affecting in students' satisfaction and most probably all these factors are taken according to their suitable priority. There were five main criterions in the questionnaires. Criterion one focuses on administrative university services Si, the second criterion concentrate with teaching and learning process Ti, while the third criterion is university climate and student activities Ai, the fourth criterion covers the administrative facilities Fi, and the fifth criterion is learning facilities students Li, were asked to measure their perceived experiences with those criterions. Each criterion contains some of sub criteria. Findings: The results illustrate that the quality of teachers T1, Opportunities for recreational activities A1, fair evaluation for students T6, and remedial support A3 are the most important indexes for students. The proposed model would help decision-makers to enhancement the quality of the services and may be adding other facility to make the university more attractive. Research limitations/implications: This paper makes some assumptions such as the number of sample are taken from seven colleges only and not cover all colleges in the university and concentrated about the final levels. Originality/value: This paper introduces fuzzy theory with AHP approach to the research of university services as customers in public firms and it has reached some valuable conclusions, which has opened up a new field of study in the universities services area.
Author Keywords:- Fuzzy AHP, Multiple Attribute Decision Making MADM, Customers loyalty.
e-ISSN: 2319-183X, p-ISSN: 2319-1821 Source Type: Journal Original Language: English
Document Type: Article Number of pages: 10
© Copyright 2014, All rights reserved.

The Feasibility Analysis of Container Terminal in Makassar As an International Port of Era Free Trade
Muhammad Idris, Muh.Asdar, Ganding Sitepu
Abstract      pdf Full text PDF
Index: 10.183x/G614652 aned
Ports are sea transport node being a liaison with other area facilities to carry out trading activities. Makassar is the Axis Maritime of Indonesian Archipelago Sea Lanes II (IASL II) in Eastern Indonesia. The strategic position led to Makassar need to develop sea transport and container terminal facilities to support the development of trade in Makassar and the surrounding area. This study aims to explain (1) the facilities and infrastructure at the Port of Makassar, (2) the performance of port operations and surplus loading and unloading activities and (3) conditions hinterland, the geography of the city of Makassar and it is surroundings in supporting the Makassar Container Terminal as an international port. This study is a survey research in the form of descriptive analysis. The results of this study showed that the Port of Makassar container is feasible to become International Port for fulfilling some aspects of the requirement that the International Port. The strategy is to be prepared, namely: 1) improvement of port management, 2) improvement of port facilities and infrastructure, and 3) improvement of port services.
Author Keywords:- Transport, Ports, Container Terminal, Feasibility.
e-ISSN: 2319-183X, p-ISSN: 2319-1821 Source Type: Journal Original Language: English
Document Type: Article Number of pages: 07
© Copyright 2014, All rights reserved.



An Analysis of The Road Parking At The Area of Laelangi Market In Baubau City, Southeast Sulawesi Province - Indonesia
Asidin, M. Yamin Jinca, Ganding Sitepu
Abstract      pdf Full text PDF
Index: 10.183x/H615358 aned
An increasing number of vehicles showed better economic level in society, resulting in increased mobility of people and give rise to the movement of high and needs space parking facility. The phenomenon that occurs at the area of Laelangi market in Baubau city is parked vehicles occurred on the road and have an impact on traffic congestion on the peak hours, it will conduct research of the phenomenon. This research aims to develop a concept of spatial parking and explain the capacity and effectiveness of parking based on the parking layout and needs parking area on Laelangi market in Baubau city, so it becomes an input to the policy makers. This research uses descriptive quantitative method to analyze the characteristics of the park to find parking capacity, the volume of parking, the accumulated parking, usage levels of parking, and the parking demand both two wheelers and four wheels that use the parking area during the week (Monday up to Sunday) begin at 06.00 pm until 18.00 pm. The results showed that the concept of spatial planning is necessary a parking on the location of Laelangi market in Baubau city and recommend vertical parking spaces (Parking Garage) due to the availability of parking spaces, as well as management parking good to be a source of Local Revenue.
Author Keywords:- Road parking, , space capacity, the growth of the vehicle.
e-ISSN: 2319-183X, p-ISSN: 2319-1821 Source Type: Journal Original Language: English
Document Type: Article Number of pages: 06
© Copyright 2014, All rights reserved.



Performance of Paotere Port in Makassar, South Sulawesi, Indonesia
Markus Asta Patma Nugraha, M. Yamin Jinca, Jamaludin Rahim
Abstract      pdf Full text PDF
Index: 10.183x/I615961 aned
This study aims to analyze the performance of the port of Paotere-Makassar and their impact on service of the ships, using Formula Port Planning and Operational Performance Calculation according to Decree of the Minister of Transportation Number: KM 53 Year 2002 port performance is still low, Arrival Rate (AR) averaging 3 ships per day and Turn Round Time (TRT) is relatively long for each ship with a BOR value of 97.79%.Berth Through Put (BTP) is still below 30 thousand tons per month. The low performance of Paotere Port affect the service of the ships, so many ships tethered or anchored in the port is not because the number of ship arrivals (AR) is high, but because Turn Round Time (TRT) is relatively long, exceeding 24 hours per day per ship and influential against postphone time (time delayed which is not beneficial for the ship was in port) and add idle time (time wasted).
Author Keywords:- Performance, Ship Services, Quayside Utility, Efficiency.
e-ISSN: 2319-183X, p-ISSN: 2319-1821 Source Type: Journal Original Language: English
Document Type: Article Number of pages: 03
© Copyright 2014, All rights reserved.

Research on Key Technology of Web Reptile
Li Yuntao, Yu Su
Abstract      pdf Full text PDF
Index: 10.183x/J616267 aned
This paper mainly introduces the web crawler system structure. Through the analysis of the architecture of web crawler we obtainedfive functional components. They respectively are: the URL scheduler, DNS resolver, web crawling modules, web page analyzer, and the URL judgment device. To build an efficient Web crawler the key technology is to design an efficient Web crawler, so as to solve the challenges that the huge scale of Web brings.
Author Keywords:- DNS, URL, web crawler, web pages.
e-ISSN: 2319-183X, p-ISSN: 2319-1821 Source Type: Journal Original Language: English
Document Type: Article Number of pages: 06
© Copyright 2014, All rights reserved.

Survey Paper on Steganography
Namrata Singh
Abstract      pdf Full text PDF
Index: 10.183x/K616871 aned
Steganography is an art for hiding the secret information inside other information which are digitally cover. The definition of steganography can also be given as study of unseen communication that usually deals with existence of communicated message. The hidden message can be text, audio, image or video accordingly to that it can be cover from either image or video. In steganography, hiding information achieved to insert a message into cover image which generates a stego image. In this paper, we have analyze various steganography methods and also covered classification and applications.
Author Keywords:- Steganography, Data Hiding, Encryption, Stego-File, Video, Image.
e-ISSN: 2319-183X, p-ISSN: 2319-1821 Source Type: Journal Original Language: English
Document Type: Article Number of pages: 04
© Copyright 2014, All rights reserved.

An Experimental Research on Heat Transfer Enhancement of a Circular Tube with Inclined Baffles
Gülay Yakar
Abstract      pdf Full text PDF
Index: 10.183x/L617278 aned
In the literature, internal tube baffles are widely studied. There is a lack of data for baffles mounted on outside of the tubes. This study aims to fill this gap. Therefore, the effect of baffle inclination angles on heat transfer improvement has been studied experimentally. The experiments were carried out for forced convection of air on a circular tube with inclined baffles. Air has been used as the cold fluid. Experimental results for eight different velocities of air flow (2 – 20 m/s) are presented. Pitch between baffles is 12 mm.The baffle inclination angles with respect to the tube axis were 45º, 60º and 80º. Water temperature is fixed as 65 °C. According to the experimental results, the baffles with an inclination angle of 45º enhance the heat transfer over 60º and 80º around 13.7 % and 10.5 %, respectively. However, pressure drop values for 45º and 60º are 18 % higher than pressure drop values for 80º. The empirical correlations of the Nusselt number have also been obtained for each angle.
Author Keywords:- Inclined baffle, inclination angle, heat transfer.
e-ISSN: 2319-183X, p-ISSN: 2319-1821 Source Type: Journal Original Language: English
Document Type: Article Number of pages: 07
© Copyright 2014, All rights reserved.




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