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Volume 3 - Issue 8 (August 2014) v~1  


Effect Of Endotoxin Levels Lipopolysaccharide (Lps) In Wood Dust Against Increased Levels Of C-Reactive Proteinand Decreasing The Lung Function Sawmill Workers In Factory Mojoagungjombang
Nurifa Handayani, Damayanti Sima Sima Sohilauw, SafrudinTolinggi, Soedjajadi Keman, I KetutSudiana
Index: 10.183x/A380105 aned
ESCI-MML: 183X-0308-0105
Abstract:
Abstract:- Wood dust contained endotoxin LPS can cause respiratory tract inflammation, decreased lung function and pneumonitis. This study aims to analyze the effect of endotoxin levels to elevated levels of serum C-RP and a decrease in pulmonary function sawmill workers. Analytic observational research methodology to design a prospective longitudinal study.The study sample as many as 12 workers in the factory Sawmill MojoagungJombang.Data collection techniques with interviews, personal dust measurements, personal endotoxin measurements, blood sampling, and spirometry. C-RP serum and lung function were measured before and after work. The dependent variable in this study is the serum levels of C-RP blood and pulmonary function. While the independent variable is the level of personal endotoxin. Age, years of service, and the habit of smoking is a confounding variable. Result: The average age of 40 years, 21-year working period, 75% light smokers. After 8 hours the average levels of personal wood dust was 0.53 mg / m 3 and personal endotoxin levels by an average of 55.50 EU / m 3. Workers who have increased C-RP as much (41.67%), with an average of 0.1192 mg / L. Workers who experience a decrease in FVC as much (58.33%) and FEV 1 decline as much (75%). Test results using Multiple Regression, there is no influence of the personal endotoxin levels with elevated levels of serum C-RP and decreased lung function (p> 0.05). Conclusion: Endotoxin LPS in a sawmill dust does not affect the increased levels of C-RP blood serum and lung function decline in workers.


Author Keywords: wood dust, endotoxin LPS, lung function, C -Reactive Protein(C-RP), wood workers
e-ISSN: 2319-183X, p-ISSN: 2319-1821 Source Type: Journal Original Language: English
Document Type: Article Number of pages: 05
© Copyright 2014, All rights reserved.

Inventory Model for Variable Deteriorating Items with Two Warehouses under Shortages, Time Varying Holding
Cost, Inflation and Permissible Delay In Payments

Raman Patel, Reena U. Parekh
Index: 10.183x/B380617 aned
ESCI-MML: 183X-0308-0117
Abstract:
A deteriorating items inventory model with two warehouses under time varying holding cost and linear demand under inflation and permissible delay in payments is developed. Shortages are allowed and completely backlogged. A rented warehouse (RW) is used to store the excess units over the capacity of the own warehouse. Numerical examples are provided to illustrate the model and sensitivity analysis is also carried out for parameters.


Author Keywords: Deterioration, Inflation, Inventory, Permissible delay in payment, Shortages, Two-warehouse
e-ISSN: 2319-183X, p-ISSN: 2319-1821 Source Type: Journal Original Language: English
Document Type: Article Number of pages: 12
© Copyright 2014, All rights reserved.

Effect of Exposure to Benzene Vapor against Immunoglobulin G AndWorker Health Complaints at Gas Stations in Surabaya ThroughPhenol Levels in Urine
Serlly Frida Drastyana, J. Mukono, HariantoNotopuro
Index: 10.183x/C381822 aned
ESCI-MML: 183X-0308-0122
Abstract:
This study aims to analyse the effect of exposure to benzene vaporagainst immunoglobulin G andworker health complaints at gas stations in Surabaya throughphenol levels In urine. The research methods ofthis study is Analytic observationalwith crossectional study. The sample in the study group of 11 people exposed to the gas station operator and unexposed groups of 11 administrative officers gas stations. Data collection techniques with interviews, measurement of the levels of benzene in the air, the measurement of phenol in urine, blood sampling and questionnaires. Independent variable is the concentration of benzene in the air. Dependent Variable is the concentration of immunoglobulin G and health complaints. Variable between is the phenol content in the urine. Age, nutritional status, length of service and length of employment isconfounding variable. Result: The mean levels of benzene where the operator of 1.4454 ppm and administrative space for 0.1234 ppm. Mean urine levels of phenol in the exposed group is 36, and the 6064 ppm group was not exposed to 2.9773 ppm.Mean levels of immunoglobulin G in the exposed group was 1518.7 mg/dl and non-exposed groups at 1048.8 mg/dl. Most health complaints in the group is exposed and unexposed nervous system disorders. By using linear regression, the levels of benzene in the air significantly affect the levels of phenol in urine (p> 0.05) and phenol in urine affect the increase in immunoglobulin G (p <0.05). Whereas phenol in urine no effect the health complaints using logistic regression. Conclusion: exposure to benzene vapor affect the increase in immunoglobulin G and no effect health complaints.


Author Keywords: - exposure to benzene vapor, gas stations, phenol content in urine, immunoglobulin G, health complaints.
e-ISSN: 2319-183X, p-ISSN: 2319-1821 Source Type: Journal Original Language: English
Document Type: Article Number of pages: 05
© Copyright 2014, All rights reserved.

Implementation of Domestic Waste Water Quality Standards in the Real Estate Gresik Area –East Java
(Based Environment Minister Republic Indonesia, Number 112/2003).

AgusJohanan, RirihYudhastuti, SupartoWijoyo
Index: 10.183x/D382327 aned
ESCI-MML: 183X-0308-0127
Abstract:
This study includes observations on the waste management system in the real estate area of southern Gresik, then sampling to test the water quality standards in laboratory waste Environmental Health Technique Bureau Surabaya, both questionnaires and interviews with the developers to conduct Focus Group Discussion with government, real estate developers and residents. Domestic sewage in the housing / real estate is mostly done using the direct method of wastewater discharged directly into the river or temporarily housed in local temporary disposal site. The results of laboratory tests on domestic wastewater generated housing average domestic wastewater is around the threshold set by Ministerial Decree Environment No. 112 of 2003 but exceeded the detection limit pollution. So it is still a potential source of contamination that could exceed the upper threshold value corresponding MOE decree. This could happen due to the potential for the development of housing for more habitable. The majority of the developers are not aware of the Environment Decree no. 112 of 2003. So that the disposal and management of industrial waste water is not in accordance with the prescribed rules.
Author Keywords: - Domestic waste pollution, Environment Decree No.112 of 2003, The developer.
e-ISSN: 2319-183X, p-ISSN: 2319-1821 Source Type: Journal Original Language: English
Document Type: Article Number of pages: 05
© Copyright 2014, All rights reserved.

Typical river transport for Banjarmasin based on the criteria of the National Transportation System
Iphan F. Radam, Agus T. Mulyono, Bagus H. Setiadji
Index: 10.183x/E382837 aned
ESCI-MML: 183X-0308-0137
Abstract:
In attempts to re-enable the river transport that is considered less desirable by users, a typical approach/an approach related to the types of river transport that people expect. In this research, four types of river transport are offered to the community which is expected to physically meet the criteria of the (Indonesian) National Transportation System. Analysis of the selected priority level using an approach of the AHP method to relative and absolute measurement was carried out. The results of the analysis find that people generally tend to expect the typical river transport with the following criteria: catamaran type, the entry/exit can be from the front and the rear, the sides of the ship are flexible and can be open or closed, passengers can stand up inside the vehicle, the ship can load bikes, and the lower position of the passengers is above the surface of the water. In terms of the fulfillment of the (Indonesian) National Transportation System criteria, safety is the most dominant criterion to be considered (18.87%), followed by the criterion of security (16.45%), the utilization criterion (12.49%), and the comfort criterion (11.53%). While the criteria for a low level of pollution and capacities are the lowest criteria that influence the selected choice.
Author Keywords: AHP method, the National Transportation System, typical river transport
e-ISSN: 2319-183X, p-ISSN: 2319-1821 Source Type: Journal Original Language: English
Document Type: Article Number of pages: 10
© Copyright 2014, All rights reserved.

The Satisfaction Analysis for the Performance of Public Transport Urban Areas
Adris.A.Putra Jinca, M. Yamin Bambang Riyanto, Agus Taufik Mulyono
Index: 10.183x/F383844 aned
ESCI-MML: 183X-0308-0144
Abstract:
The development of urban areas cause a variety of problems and challenges as a direct impact of the development conditions of the region, including in terms of planning adequate transportation system, which is able to meet the needs of urban population movements, not only in terms of the amount of means of transport, but also should pay attention to and improve performance of public transport services, strategies to improve the performance of public transport in satisfaction of public transport users, requires an understanding of the attitudes of public transport users, knowledge of user behavior will provide optimal results to improve the performance of public transport according to expectations and interests of public transport users. This study aims to investigate the performance of public transport services, knowing the satisfaction of public transport users in terms of aspects of interest or societal expectations, determine the effect of the level of satisfaction of public transport services on the performance of public transport. This research method is a method of qualitative research, data analysis is used to determine the performance of public transport use Importance Performance Analysis (IPA) and know the satisfaction of users of public transport using the Customer Satisfaction Index (CSI), to examine the effect of satisfaction on the performance of public transport using Structural Equation Modeling (SEM). The results showed that the performance of public transport remains low in providing services to the users of public transport. The main priority of the expectations or interests of public transport users to get treatment or improvement of public transport services is an indicator of accessibility, integration, capacity, smooth and fast, convenient, safety, easy, timely, orderly, efficient. Based on the calculation, the CSI value of 48.19% or 0.48 based on criteria CSI values were in the range from 0.35 to 0.50 (less satisfied) this means that the public transport user satisfaction index of the performance of public transport are less satisfied with the service transport general. Based on the results of SEM analysis of the influence of public transport user satisfaction (Y) on the performance of public transport (X) derived a mathematical equation Y = 0,873X + 0.022 indicates that the public transport user satisfaction has a positive and significant effect on the performance of public transport, any increase in public transport performance indicators it will also influence the increase in satisfaction of users of public transport.
Author Keywords: Public transportation, performance, satisfaction, expectations and interests.
e-ISSN: 2319-183X, p-ISSN: 2319-1821 Source Type: Journal Original Language: English
Document Type: Article Number of pages: 07
© Copyright 2014, All rights reserved.

Pattern Recognition in Eye Movement Validation
Fatima Isiaka
Index: 10.183x/G384555 aned
ESCI-MML: 183X-0308-0155
Abstract:
The Job Shop scheduling problem is one of the hardest combinatorial optimisation problems in various industrial environments. It consists of several jobs each with one or more operations, to be allocated to a set of machines with a view to minimise the makespan. In this paper, we begin by describing the Job Shop scheduling problem and the evolutionary algorithm used to solve the machine allocation problem. We then, propose additional genetic operators (random selection of chromosomes to initialise the population, measuring the initial population fitness to identify good chromosomes, cloning to improve survival probability) to enhance the existing genetic algorithm in terms of getting a shorter makespan in less computational time. Finally, we investigate the effect of population size, crossover rate and mutation rate on the makespan for both the existing genetic algorithm and the enhanced genetic algorithm. Our result shows that the enhanced genetic algorithm produce the optimal makespan in a shorter genetic evolution than existing genetic algorithm.


Author Keywords: Evolutionary Algorithm (EA), Genetic Algorithm (GA), Job Shop Scheduling Problem (JSSP), Non-deterministic polynomial time (NP).
e-ISSN: 2319-183X, p-ISSN: 2319-1821 Source Type: Journal Original Language: English
Document Type: Article Number of pages: 11
© Copyright 2014, All rights reserved.


Discharge Variation Effect for Iron and Manganese Concentration Reduction Efficiency in Dug Well Water
By The Sand Filter Technique at Mulyorejo Utara Surabaya

Annisa N. F, Mas Udi Prihanto, Tiyar Junaedi, Tofan Agung Eka Prasetya
Index: 10.183x/H385660 aned
ESCI-MML: 183X-0308-0160
Abstract:
Ground water quality problems that used the public was less qualified as drinking water. Ground water usually contains iron (Fe) and manganese (Mn) on high level. They were caused the yellow color of the water into the tub wall and yellow spots on clothes. This research purposed to determine the influenced of flowrate variance in removal of Fe and Mn from groundwater used activated sand filtration technique. Variance of flowrate as independent variable and removal of Fe and Mn as dependent variable. This research used three variance of flowrate, they were 15 ml/minute, 30 ml/minute, and 60 ml/minute by activated sand thickness was
110 cm. Three of flowrate variance and KMnO4 was used for activating the sand media. Data was analyze by descriptive analysis used Canberra Matrix and Group Average Clustering Methods. This research result was the decreasing of flowrate would eliminated Fe and Mn. Efficiency removal of Fe with the variance of flowrate 15
ml/minute, 30 ml/minute, and 60 ml/minute, respectively were 53.98%; 53.48%; 45.39%. Removal of Mn efficiency with the variance of flowrate 15 ml/minute, 30 ml/minute, and 60 ml/minute respectively were 97.29%; 96.91%; 88.96%. The best effect to remove Mn was on flowrate 15 ml/minute.


Author Keywords: activated sand filtration, flowrate, removal of Fe and Mn.
e-ISSN: 2319-183X, p-ISSN: 2319-1821 Source Type: Journal Original Language: English
Document Type: Article Number of pages: 05
© Copyright 2014, All rights reserved.


Vector Control Program Evaluation Aedesaegypti in Port Health Office Class II Banjarmasin, South Kalimantan
(Case Study Working Area Seaport Banjarmasin)

Totok Purwanto, Muhammad Pahruddin, Ghafarul Wududu, Deddy Setya N, R. Azizah, SetyaHaksama, Ririh Yudhastuti, Lilis Sulistyorini
Index: 10.183x/I386165 aned
ESCI-MML: 183X-0308-0165
Abstract:
Activity at the port with such a high mobilization, automatically spreading disease is more rapid and diverse. Seaport working area CTF class II Banjarmasin, South Kalimantan is the working area House Index (HI) is the highest in the buffer area of more than 1%. HI in the buffer area> 1% would be a potential for breeding of Aedesaegypti mosquito which can result in the transmission of Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever (DHF). Data in 2013 in the region of Seaports Banjarmasin number of cases of Dengue Fever (DD) there are 22 people and there are 2 people DHF. This research is descriptive sampling technique used was purposive sampling technique, the sample size of 66 people. The data obtained for the primary and secondary, to identify and analyze resources (labor, cost, means, methods) and the activities of planning, implementation, supervision and evaluation, and the results of vector control activities in communities and the conduct of the larvae of Aedesaegypti in the perimeter area and buffer area. Measurements conducted document analysis, questionnaire,interview and observation. The results showed the lack of power and the number of functional training in the vector Aedesaegypti control program, not maximal implementation of vector control programs namely Aedesaegypti mosquito larvae eradication (PSN) only through surveys larvae, while surveys of eggs and adult mosquito surveys are not conducted. Implementation of counseling conducted from house to house, without involving the relevant stakeholders such as community leaders, RT, health center and the port and the low implementation of vector Aedesaegypti control program in the community in the Work Area Seaports Banjarmasin is seen with HI> 1% in buffer area, and attitudes towards the implementation of the program by the Aedesaegypti vector control officers are still not maximized..


Author Keywords: Evaluation of the program, House Index.
e-ISSN: 2319-183X, p-ISSN: 2319-1821 Source Type: Journal Original Language: English
Document Type: Article Number of pages: 05
© Copyright 2014, All rights reserved.


Effect Inhaling of Limestone Dust Exposure on Increased Level of IL-8 Serum and Pulmonary Function Decline to Workers of Limestone Mining Industry
Safrudin Tolinggi, Moh. Rivai Nakoe, Inne Ariane Gobel, James Sengke, Soedjajadi Keman, I Ketut Sudiana, Ririh Yudhastuti, Mukono, R. Azizah
Index: 10.183X/J386672 aned
ESCI-MML: 183X-0308-0172
Abstract:
This aim of this study were to analyze the effect of exposure by limestone dust for increasing of IL-8 serum and pulmonary function decline to workers of limestone mining industry in Wangun Village, Palang District, Tuban Regency after working for 8 hours (cross shift).The Method was analytical observation with prospective longitudinal study. Before and after works for measuring of IL-8 serum increase and pulmonary function decline between population exposed by limestone dust (study group) and population not exposure by limestone dust (comparison group). Data was collecting on 18 respondents consist of 9 study samples workers at mining industry in Wangun Village and 9 samples working at semanding district office were taken randomly and inclusion criteria had been matched with the study group. Result showed inhaling of limestone dust exposure was significantly to increasing level of IL-8 serum (p = 0.026) but it didn't cause decline on pulmonary function. Physical activity factors and differences of individual immunity can influence the symptoms of respiratory disease caused by increased IL-8 serum so. the decrease in pulmonary function after 8 hours of work (cross-shift) does not occur. To require use of Personal Protective Equipment (PPE), Air Purifying Respirator Non power types and use a wet method on mining activities. Be required a regular monitoring for evaluate worker's pulmonary function changes by the owner of mining.


Author Keywords: Limestone Dust, pulmonary function, IL-8 serum.
e-ISSN: 2319-183X, p-ISSN: 2319-1821 Source Type: Journal Original Language: English
Document Type: Article Number of pages: 07
© Copyright 2014, All rights reserved.

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